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Fig. 16


Final core masses of planets Mc as a function of formation distance r0 and formation time t0 in the disc. The white lines correspond to core masses of 10, 15, and 20 ME (top to bottom) and are marked by white numbers. The black and blue lines have the same meaning as in Fig. 15. The top plot corresponds to the pebble-isolation mass stated in Lambrechts et al. (2014), while the bottom plot corresponds to the pebble-isolation mass in this work (Eq. (10)). Clearly, Eq. (10) allows for higher core masses, which is crucial for the formation of ice giants in our own solar system.

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