Averaged column density and 70 μm and 24 μm maps of the Galactic bubble sample, panels a, b, and c, respectively. The map units are normalized by the value in the central position of the bubbles. Reff and Rshell are represented by the solid and dashed black circle, respectively. d) Circularly averaged profiles of the averaged column density (black solid), 70 μm (green solid), and 24 μm (red solid) maps. The vertical dotted and dashed lines indicate Reff and Rshell, respectively.
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