Sketch of the protostar configuration employed in the paper. Accretion flow, jet, and shock velocities (vacc, vjet, and vsh, respectively) are in the observer reference frame. Shock and transverse radii are labelled Rsh and R⊥, respectively. Bow shock, reverse bow shock, bow wings, and working surface are labelled BS, rBS, BW, and ws, respectively. The shaded areas show the regions where CR acceleration takes place (Sect. 2.1) and where turbulence is damped and particle propagation occurs (Sect. 6). The dot-filled region corresponds to the hot spot region (Sect. 6.2).
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.