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Fig. 9


Unstable mode periods (Π) for = 0 (left panels), = 1 (middle panels), and = 2 (right panels) in terms of the effective temperature, corresponding to the ELM WD model sequences constructed using the ML2 version of the MLT theory of convection and with stellar masses (from top to bottom) M = 0.1554 M, M = 0.1762 M, M = 0.1805 M, and M = 0.4352 M. Color coding indicates the value of the logarithm of the e-folding time (τe) of each unstable mode (right scale).

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