EDP Sciences
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Erratum
This article is an erratum for: [this article]

Issue
A&A
Volume 580, August 2015
Article Number C3
Number of page(s) 2
Section Catalogs and data
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201423793e
Published online 13 August 2015

The multiplicative expression on the (see Sect. 3.1, Eq. (6)) variability indices does not properly correct for different numbers of epochs in different filters. The expression can be written in the following form: (1)where s>j. is the Bessel correction while 1 /ns is the factor for the mean value. The first parameter (right side) is incorrect and introduces a bias related to ns values when s> 2. Additionally the Bessel correction needs to be repeated for each additional correlation term, as we show below. Indeed, the weight of this bias must increase with both s and ns. Therefore these indices must be replaced by following, (2)where Γ is given by, (3)where uijs is the ith epoch of filter js. This new index is the mean value of the correlations and it is not biased for ns; additionally it reduces to for s = 2.

As discussed above, the analysis of for s> 2 in Fig. 5 is incorrect since the index is biased by the extra first term such that the index is relatively reduced in value at larger values of ns. A corrected version is shown in Fig. 1, which shows the distribution of the unbiased variability indices () as a function of K magnitude. These indices present a similar range of values for different values of s. Additionally, we can observe that the centre of the distribution (m) decreases with increasing s, whilst the full-width at half maximum increases. This is caused by an asymmetry in the number of combinations that produce negative values compared to positive values with increasing s. Real correlated variations return positive values, whereas random or semi-correlated noise is much more likely to return negative values. This leads to a better discrimination between variable and non-variable stars as s increases. For instance, we can select about 90% of the WFCAM Variable Stars Catalog in a sample 2.2 times smaller when s = 4 than that when s = 2.

thumbnail Fig. 1

variability indices versus the K-band magnitude for the initial database, for three values of s: s = 2 (upper panel), s = 3 (middle panel), and s = 4 (lower panel) on the left-hand side, with histograms of each distribution on the right-hand side. The red line marks a Gaussian fit and we record the full-width half maximum and centre in each right-hand panel.

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thumbnail Fig. 2

Distribution of versus variability indices, for orders 2 (left) and 3 (right). The C1 and C2 sources are indicated by red and green circles, respectively.

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The shape of the cut-off surfaces in Fig. 6 for is unbiased in the magnitude dimension, but the ns dimension is biased by . The selections of variable star candidates were performed for as well as . and are unbiased and they may provide a complete selection of variable stars candidates. Meanwhile, the incorrect factor in for s> 2 does not provide a strong bias in our selection because the selection is performed using the cut-off surfaces which are modified to take the mean effect of the bias into account. However, indices

should be replaced by indices, since the surfaces can correct for the average bias factor but there is be an increased variance in that could be reduced by using .

Figure 2 shows the corrected plot of panchromatic variability indices versus flux independent (see Fig. 8). As expected, the overlap at large values of remains.


© ESO, 2015

All Figures

thumbnail Fig. 1

variability indices versus the K-band magnitude for the initial database, for three values of s: s = 2 (upper panel), s = 3 (middle panel), and s = 4 (lower panel) on the left-hand side, with histograms of each distribution on the right-hand side. The red line marks a Gaussian fit and we record the full-width half maximum and centre in each right-hand panel.

Open with DEXTER
In the text
thumbnail Fig. 2

Distribution of versus variability indices, for orders 2 (left) and 3 (right). The C1 and C2 sources are indicated by red and green circles, respectively.

Open with DEXTER
In the text

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