Free Access

Fig. 3


Normalized ion entropy gain as a function of the PUI abundance ζ and the PUI polytropic index γ for a shock where thermal protons behave adiabatically, and the PUIs behave non-adiabatically. The compression ratio is s = 3.

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.