Comparison of the observed and modeled photometric variability. The modeled values of the photometric variability are plotted vs. mean chromospheric activity for model stars with solar (upper panel), polar (middle panel), and homogeneous (lower panel) latitudinal distributions of active regions. The asterisks and black lines indicate stars with observed variability and the regression from Lockwood et al. (2007). The dark (light) shaded areas indicate estimated 1σ (2σ) uncertainty in the Lockwood et al. (2007) data. The diamond indicates 18 Scorpii (HD 146233) from Hall et al. (2009). Colored curves result from our calculations for three values of the stellar inclination: 90° (red curve), 57° (magenta curve), 0° (blue curve). The dotted vertical lines denote the mean level of chromospheric activity of stars with unconfirmed variability (only stars with are shown). The solid vertical line in the top panel shows the mean level of solar chromospheric activity.
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