Volume 659, March 2022
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||08 March 2022|
Department of Physics, PO Box 64, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
2 Finnish Centre for Astronomy with ESO (FINCA), University of Turku, Vesilinnantie 5, 20014 University of Turku, Finland
3 Department of Computer Science, Aalto University, PO Box 15400, 00076 Aalto, Finland
4 Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg 3, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
5 Nordita, KTH Royal Institute of Technology and Stockholm University, Hannes Alfvéns väg 12, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
6 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516 751 20 Uppsala, Sweden
7 European Southern Observatory (ESO), Alonso de Córdova 3107, Vitacura, Santiago, Chile
8 University of Southern Queensland, Centre for Astrophysics, Toowoomba, QLD 4350, Australia
Accepted: 27 November 2021
Context. The magnetic activity of the Sun changes with the solar cycle. Similar cycles are found in other stars as well, but their details are not known to a similar degree. Characterising stellar magnetic cycles is important for the understanding of the stellar and solar dynamos that are driving the magnetic activity.
Aims. We present spectropolarimetric observations of five young, solar-type stars and compare them to previous observations, with the aim to identify and characterise stellar equivalents of the solar cycle.
Methods. We use Zeeman-Doppler imaging (ZDI) to map the surface magnetic field and brightness of our targets. The magnetic field is decomposed into spherical harmonic expansions, from which we report the strengths of the axisymmetric versus non-axisymmetric and poloidal versus toroidal components, and we compare them to the Rossby numbers of the stars.
Results. We present five new ZDI maps of young, solar-type stars from December 2017. Of special interest is the case of V1358 Ori, which had gone through a polarity reversal between our observations and earlier ones. A less evident polarity reversal might also have occurred in HD 35296. There is a preference for a more axisymmetric field, and possibly a more toroidal field, for the more active stars with lower Rossby number, but a larger sample should be studied to draw any strong conclusions from this. For most of the individual stars, the amounts of toroidal and poloidal field have stayed on levels similar to those in earlier observations.
Conclusions. We find evidence for a magnetic polarity reversal having occurred in V1358 Ori. An interesting target for future observations is χ1 Ori, which may have a short magnetic cycle of a few years. The correlation between the brightness maps and the magnetic field is mostly poor, which could indicate the presence of small-scale magnetic features of different polarities that cancel one another out and are thus not resolved in our maps.
Key words: stars: activity / stars: magnetic field / stars: solar-type / starspots
The data for the magnetic field and brightness maps of the stars are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (22.214.171.124) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/659/A71
© ESO 2022
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