Volume 658, February 2022
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||15 February 2022|
A polarimetric study of asteroids in comet-like orbits★
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University,
Republic of Korea
2 SNU Astronomy Research Center, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea
e-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
3 Okayama Observatory, Kyoto University, 3037-5 Honjo, Kamogata, Asakuchi, Okayama 719-0232, Japan
4 Nayoro Observatory, 157-1 Nisshin, Nayoro, Hokkaido 096-0066, Japan
5 Ishigakijima Astronomical Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 1024-1 Arakawa, Ishigaki, Okinawa 907-0024, Japan
6 Institut für Geophysik und Extraterrestrische Physik, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Mendelssohnstr. 3, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany
7 Asahikawa Campus, Hokkaido University of Education, Hokumon, Asahikawa, Hokkaido 070-8621, Japan
8 Observatoire de Paris, I.M.C.C.E., Denfert Rochereau, Bat. A., 75014 Paris, France
9 Faculty of Science, Kyoto Sangyo University, Banyukan B401, Motoyama, Kamigamo, Kita-Ku, Kyoto-shi, Kyoto 603-8555, Japan
10 Department of Cosmosciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810, Japan
11 Department of Applied Physics, Okayama University of Science, 1-1 Ridai-cho, Kita-ku, Okayama, Okayama 700-0005, Japan
Accepted: 1 October 2021
Context. Asteroids in comet-like orbits (ACOs) consist of asteroids and dormant comets. Due to their similar appearance, it is challenging to distinguish dormant comets from ACOs via general telescopic observations. Surveys for discriminating dormant comets from the ACO population have been conducted via spectroscopy or optical and mid-infrared photometry. However, they have not been conducted through polarimetry.
Aims. We conducted the first polarimetric research of ACOs.
Methods. We conducted a linear polarimetric pilot survey for three ACOs: (944) Hidalgo, (3552) Don Quixote, and (331471) 1984 QY1. These objects are unambiguously classified into ACOs in terms of their orbital elements (i.e., the Tisserand parameters with respect to Jupiter TJ significantly less than 3). Three ACOs were observed by the 1.6 m Pirka Telescope from UT 2016 May 25 to UT 2019 July 22 (13 nights).
Results. We found that Don Quixote and Hidalgo have polarimetric properties similar to comet nuclei and D-type asteroids (optical analogs of comet nuclei). However, 1984 QY1 exhibited a polarimetric property consistent with S-type asteroids. We conducted a backward orbital integration to determine the origin of 1984 QY1, and found that this object was transported from the main belt into the current comet-like orbit via the 3:1 mean motion resonance with Jupiter.
Conclusions. We conclude that the origins of ACOs can be more reliably identified by adding polarimetric data to the color and spectral information. This study would be valuable for investigating how the ice-bearing small bodies distribute in the inner Solar System.
Key words: techniques: polarimetric / minor planets, asteroids: individual: (944) Hidalgo / minor planets, asteroids: individual: (3552) Don Quixote / minor planets, asteroids: individual: (331471) 1984 QY1
Processed data (FITS) and lightcurves (data under Fig. B.1) are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/658/A158
© ESO 2022
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