Volume 657, January 2022
|Number of page(s)||17|
|Published online||21 December 2021|
Variation of the stellar color in high-magnification and caustic-crossing microlensing events★
Department of Physics, Isfahan University of Technology,
2 Department of Physics, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Republic of Korea
3 Centre for ExoLife Sciences (CELS), Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Østervoldgade 5, 1350 Copenhagen, Denmark
Accepted: 28 September 2021
Context. To a first approximation, the microlensing phenomenon is achromatic and great advancements have been achieved with regard to the interpretation of the achromatic signals, leading to the discovery and characterization of well above 100 new exoplanets. At a higher order accuracy in the observations, microlensing has a chromatic component (a color term) that has thus far been explored to a much lesser extent.
Aims. Here, we analyze the chromatic microlensing effect of four different physical phenomena, which have the potential to contribute key knowledge of the stellar properties that is not easily achievable with other methods of observation. Our simulation is limited to the case of main-sequence source stars.
Methods. Microlensing is particularly sensitive to giant and sub-giant stars near the Galactic center. While this population can be studied in short snapshots by the largest telescopes in the world, a general monitoring and characterization of the population can be achieved by use of more accessible medium-sized telescopes with specialized equipment via dual-color monitoring from observatories at sites with excellent seeing. We limit the results of this study to what will be achievable from the Danish 1.54 m telescope at La Silla observatory based on the use of the existing dual-color lucky imaging camera. Such potential monitoring programs of the bulge population from medium-sized telescopes include the characterization of starspots, limb-darkening, the frequency of close-in giant planet companions, and gravity darkening for blended source stars.
Results. We conclude our simulations with quantifying the likelihood of detecting these different phenomena per object where they are present to be ~60 and ~30% for the above-mentioned phenomena when monitored during both high-magnification and caustic crossings, respectively.
Key words: gravitational lensing: micro / instrumentation: photometers / methods: numerical / planets and satellites: general / starspots / stars: early-type
Full Table A.1 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/657/A16
© ESO 2021
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