Volume 653, September 2021
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||13 September 2021|
Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA)
Tracing galaxy environment using the marked correlation function
Astronomical Observatory of the Jagiellonian University, ul. Orla 171, 30-244 Kraków, Poland
2 National Centre for Nuclear Research, ul. Pasteura 7, 02-093 Warsaw, Poland
3 Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw, Poland
4 Astronomy Centre, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QH, UK
5 Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse 1, 85748 Garching, Germany
6 Department of Physics and Astronomy, 102 Natural Science Building, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
7 Australian Astronomical Optics, Macquarie University, 105 Delhi Rd, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia
8 Hamburger Sternwarte, Universität Hamburg, Gojenbergsweg 112, 21029 Hamburg, Germany
9 E. A. Milne Centre for Astrophysics, University of Hull, Cottingham Road, Kingston-upon-Hull HU6 7RX, UK
10 Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn 3122, Australia
11 Ruhr University Bochum, Faculty of Physics and Astronomy, Astronomical Institute (AIRUB), German Centre for Cosmological Lensing, 44780 Bochum, Germany
Accepted: 1 June 2021
Context. Galaxies are biased tracers of the underlying network of dark matter. The strength of this bias depends on various galaxy properties and on redshift. One of the methods used to study these dependences of the bias is measurement of galaxy clustering. Such studies are made using galaxy samples from various catalogues, which frequently bear their own problems related to sample selection methods. It is therefore crucial to understand how sample choice influences clustering measurements and which galaxy property is the most direct tracer of the galaxy environment.
Aims. We investigate how different galaxy properties, such as luminosities in the u, g, r, J, and K bands, stellar mass, star formation rate, and specific star formation rate, trace the environment in the local universe. We also study the effect of survey flux limits on galaxy clustering measurements.
Methods. We measure the two-point correlation function and marked correlation functions using the aforementioned properties as marks. We use a nearly stellar-mass-complete galaxy sample in the redshift range 0.1 < z < 0.16 from the Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey with a flux limit of r < 19.8. Further, we impose a brighter flux limit of r < 17.8 on our sample and repeated the measurements to study how this affects galaxy clustering analysis. We compare our results to measurements from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey with flux limits of r < 17.8 and r < 16.8.
Results. We show that the stellar mass is the most direct tracer of galaxy environment, the K-band luminosity being a good substitute, although such a proxy sample misses close pairs of evolved, red galaxies. We also show that the u-band luminosity can be a proxy to the star formation rate in the context of galaxy clustering. We observe an effect of the survey flux limit on clustering studies; samples with a higher flux limit (smaller magnitude) miss some information about close pairs of starburst galaxies.
Key words: large-scale structure of Universe / galaxies: statistics / galaxies: formation / galaxies: evolution / cosmology: observations
© ESO 2021
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