Volume 652, August 2021
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Numerical methods and codes|
|Published online||19 August 2021|
Finding flares in Kepler and TESS data with recurrent deep neural networks
Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Eötvös Loránd Research Network (ELKH), Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121 Budapest, Hungary
2 Eötvös Loránd University, Pázmány Péter sétány 1/A, Budapest, Hungary
3 MTA CSFK Lendület Near-Field Cosmology Research Group, Budapest, Hungary
Accepted: 24 May 2021
Stellar flares are an important aspect of magnetic activity – from both stellar evolution and circumstellar habitability viewpoints – but automatically and accurately finding them is still a challenge to researchers in the big data era of astronomy. We present an experiment to detect flares in space-borne photometric data using deep neural networks. Using a set of artificial data and real photometric data we trained a set of neural networks, and found that the best performing architectures were the recurrent neural networks using long short-term memory layers. The best trained network detected flares over 5σ with ≳80% recall and precision and was also capable of distinguishing typical false signals (e.g., maxima of RR Lyr stars) from real flares. Testing the network –trained on Kepler data– on TESS light curves showed that the neural net is able to generalize and find flares –with similar effectiveness– in completely new data with different sampling and characteristics from those of the training set ő.
Key words: methods: data analysis / stars: activity / stars: flare / stars: late-type
© ESO 2021
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