Volume 652, August 2021
|Number of page(s)||20|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||13 August 2021|
Atomic diffusion and mixing in old stars
VII. Abundances of Mg, Ti, and Fe in M 30⋆
Observational Astrophysics, Division of Astronomy and Space Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, 75120 Uppsala, Sweden
2 Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2611, Australia
3 ARC Centre of Excellence for All Sky Astrophysics in 3 Dimensions (ASTRO 3D), Australia
4 Laboratoire Univers et Particules de Montpellier, Université de Montpellier, CNRS, Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier, France
Accepted: 24 May 2021
Aims. We attempt to constrain the efficiency of additional transport or mixing processes that reduce the effect of atomic diffusion in stellar atmospheres.
Methods. We apply spectral synthesis methods to spectra observed with the GIRAFFE spectrograph on the VLT to estimate abundances of Mg, Ti, Fe, and Ba in stars in the metal-poor globular cluster M 30. To the abundances we fit trends of abundances predicted by stellar evolution models assuming different efficiencies of additional transport or mixing processes. The fitting procedure attempts to take into account the effects of parameter-dependent systematic errors in the derived abundances.
Results. We find that the parameter T0, which describes the efficiency of additional transport or mixing processes, can almost certainly be constrained to the narrow range log10(T0/[K]) between 6.09 and 6.2. This corresponds to decreased abundances for stars at the main sequence turn-off point compared to the red giant branch by 0.2 dex for Mg, 0.1 dex for Fe, and 0.07 dex for Ti. We also find that while our estimates do have non-negligible systematic errors stemming from the continuum placement and the assumed microturbulence, our method can take them into account.
Conclusions. Our results partly amend the results of an earlier paper in this article series, that tentatively used a value of log10(T0/[K]) = 6.0 when modelling the Spite plateau of lithium. To more easily distinguish physical effects from systematic errors, we recommend that studies of this kind focus on elements for which the expected surface abundances as functions of effective temperature have a distinct structure and cover a wide range.
Key words: globular clusters: individual: M 30 / methods: statistical / stars: abundances / stars: atmospheres / techniques: spectroscopic
© ESO 2021
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