Volume 650, June 2021
|Number of page(s)
|Stellar structure and evolution
|25 June 2021
Probing the temperature gradient in the core boundary layer of stars with gravito-inertial modes
The case of KIC 7760680
Institute of Astronomy, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
2 Department of Astrophysics, IMAPP, Radboud University Nijmegen, PO Box 9010 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
3 Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
Accepted: 8 April 2021
Aims. We investigated the thermal and chemical structure in the near-core region of stars with a convective core by means of gravito-inertial modes. We determined the probing power of different asteroseismic observables and fitting methodologies. We focus on the case of the B-type star KIC 7760680, rotating at a quarter of its critical rotation velocity.
Methods. We computed grids of 1D stellar structure and evolution models for two different prescriptions of the temperature gradient and mixing profile in the near-core region. We determined which of these prescriptions is preferred according to the prograde dipole modes detected in 4 yr Kepler photometry of KIC 7760680. We considered different sets of asteroseismic observables and compared the outcomes of the regression problem for a χ2 and a Mahalanobis distance merit function, where the latter takes into account realistic uncertainties for the theoretical predictions and the former does not.
Results. Period spacings of modes with consecutive radial order offer a better diagnostic than mode periods or mode frequencies for asteroseismic modelling of stars revealing only high-order gravito-inertial modes. We find KIC 7760680 to reveal a radiative temperature gradient in models with convective boundary mixing, but less complex models without such mixing are statistically preferred for this rotating star, revealing extremely low vertical envelope mixing.
Conclusions. Our results strongly suggest the use of measured individual period spacing values for modes of consecutive radial order as an asteroseismic diagnostic for stellar modelling of B-type pulsators with gravito-inertial modes.
Key words: asteroseismology / convection / stars: oscillations / stars: interiors / methods: statistical / techniques: photometric
© ESO 2021
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