Volume 649, May 2021
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||07 May 2021|
Letter to the Editor
The behaviour of lithium at high metallicity in the Milky Way
Selection effects in the samples and the possible role of atomic diffusion
Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin Pegasi 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
2 IRAP, CNRS UMR 5277 & Université de Toulouse, 14 Avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France
3 Sternberg Astronomical Institute, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Universitetsky Prospect 13, Moscow 119234, Russia
4 Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, Nice, France
5 Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, UMR 7095 CNRS, Sorbonne Université, 98bis Bd. Arago, 75104 Paris, France
Accepted: 27 April 2021
Aims. We revisit large spectroscopic data sets for field stars from the literature to derive the upper Li envelope in the high metallicity regime in our Galaxy.
Methods. We take advantage of Gaia EDR3 data and state-of-the-art stellar models to precisely determine the position of the sample dwarf stars in the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram.
Results. The highest Li abundances are found in field metal-rich warm dwarfs from the GALAH survey, located on the hot side of the Li-dip. Their mean Li value agrees with what was recently derived for warm dwarfs in metal-rich clusters, pointing towards a continuous increase of Li up to super-solar metallicity. However, if only cool dwarfs are considered in GALAH, as done in the other literature surveys, it is found that the upper Li envelope decreases at super-solar metallicities, blurring the actual Li evolution picture. We confirm the suggestion that field and open cluster surveys that found opposite Li behaviour in the high metallicity regime do not sample the same types of stars: The first ones, with the exception of GALAH, miss warm dwarfs that can potentially preserve their original Li content.
Conclusions. Although we can discard the bending of the Li upper envelope at high metallicity derived from the analysis of cool star samples, we still need to evaluate the effects of atomic diffusion on warm, metal-rich early-F and late-A type dwarfs before deriving the actual Li abundance at high metallicity.
Key words: stars: abundances / Galaxy: abundances / Galaxy: evolution
© ESO 2021
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.