Volume 649, May 2021
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||26 May 2021|
HCN (1−0) opacity of outflowing gas in Arp 220W
Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 80 Nandan Road, Shanghai 200030, PR China
2 Key Laboratory of Radio Astronomy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 10 Yuanhua Road, Nanjing, JiangSu 210033, PR China
3 National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012, PR China
4 CAS Key Laboratory of FAST, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012, PR China
5 School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, PR China
6 Key Laboratory of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics (Nanjing University), Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210093, PR China
Accepted: 23 March 2021
Context. We present our findings for the HCN/H13CN 1−0 line ratio in the molecular outflow of Arp 220 west based on high-resolution ALMA data.
Aims. Molecular gas masses in the outflowing gas of galaxies driven by active galactic nuclei or starbursts are important parameters for understanding the feedback of these latter two phenomena and star-formation quenching. The conversion factor of line luminosities to masses is related to the optical depth of the molecular lines.
Methods. Using H13CN 1–0, the isotopic line of HCN 1−0, to obtain the line ratio of HCN/H13CN 1−0 is an ideal way to derive the optical depth of HCN 1−0 in outflowing gas.
Results. With the nondetection of H13CN 1−0 in the outflowing gas, a 3σ lower limit of HCN/H13CN 1−0 line ratio is obtained, which is at least three times higher than that found in the whole of the whole system of Arp 220. The high HCN/H13CN 1−0 line ratio indicates low opacity of HCN 1−0 in the outflowing gas, even though the upper limit of HCN 1−0 opacity obtained here is still not good enough to draw any robust conclusions if HCN 1−0 is optically thin. A lower conversion factor of HCN 1−0 luminosity to dense gas mass in the outflowing gas should be used than that used for the host galaxy of Arp 220.
Key words: opacity / galaxies: individual: Arp 220 / methods: data analysis
© ESO 2021
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