Volume 649, May 2021
|Number of page(s)||19|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||18 May 2021|
A KMOS survey of the nuclear disk of the Milky Way
Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Calle Via Lactea s/n, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
2 Universidad de La Laguna, Dpto. Astrofisica, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
3 Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia (CSIC), Glorieta de la Astronomia s/n, 18008 Granada, Spain
4 Max Planck Institute for extraterrestrial Physics, Giessenbachstraße 1, 85748 Garching, Germany
5 Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
6 The Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The University of Chicago, 5640 S. Ellis Ave., Chicago, IL 60637, USA
7 Laboratoire Lagrange, Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Blvd de l’Observatoire, Nice 06304, France
8 Research School of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Australian National University, ACT 2611, Australia
9 ARC Centre of Excellence for All Sky Astrophysics in Three Dimensions (ASTRO-3D), Australia
10 Departamento de Física Aplicada, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Alicante, Carretera San Vicente s/n, 03690 San Vicente del Raspeig, Spain
Accepted: 21 February 2021
Context. In the central few degrees of the bulge of the Milky Way there is a flattened structure of gas, dust, and stars, known as the central molecular zone, that is similar to nuclear disks in other galaxies. As a result of extreme foreground extinction, we possess only sparse information about the (mostly old) stellar population of the nuclear disk.
Aims. In this work we present our KMOS spectroscopic survey of the stars in the nuclear disk reaching the old populations. To obtain an unbiased data set, we sampled stars in the full extinction range along each line of sight.
Methods. We also observed reference fields in neighboring regions of the Galactic bulge. We describe the design and execution of the survey and present first results.
Results. We obtain spectra and five spectral indices of 3113 stars with a median S/N of 67 and measure radial velocities for 3051 stars. Of those, 2735 sources have sufficient S/N to estimate temperatures and metallicities from indices.
Conclusions. We derive metallicities using the CO 2-0 and Na I K-band spectral features, where we derive our own empirical calibration using metallicities obtained with higher-resolution observations. We use 183 giant stars for calibration spanning in metallicity from −2.5 to 0.6 dex and covering temperatures of up to 5500 K. The derived index based metallicities deviate from the calibration values with a scatter of 0.32 dex. The internal uncertainty of our metallicities is likely smaller. We use these metallicity measurements, together with the CO index, to derive effective temperatures using literature relations. We publish the catalog in this paper. Our data set complements Galactic surveys such as Gaia and APOGEE for the inner 200 pc radius of the Milky Way, which is not readily accessible by those surveys owing to extinction. We will use the derived properties in future papers for further analysis of the nuclear disk.
Key words: Galaxy: nucleus / Galaxy: abundances / Galaxy: kinematics and dynamics / catalogs / infrared: stars / techniques: spectroscopic
Table E.1 and Full Table D.1 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/649/A83
© ESO 2021
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.