Volume 647, March 2021
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Section||The Sun and the Heliosphere|
|Published online||22 March 2021|
New reconstruction of event-integrated spectra (spectral fluences) for major solar energetic particle events⋆
University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
2 National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
3 St. Petersburg State University, St Petersburg, Russia
4 University of Turku, Turku, Finland
5 Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, 194021 St. Petersburg, Russia
Accepted: 8 January 2021
Aims. Fluences of solar energetic particles (SEPs) are not easy to evaluate, especially for high-energy events (i.e. ground-level enhancements, GLEs). Earlier estimates of event-integrated SEP fluences for GLEs were based on partly outdated assumptions and data, and they required revisions. Here, we present the results of a full revision of the spectral fluences for most major SEP events (GLEs) for the period from 1956 to 2017 using updated low-energy flux estimates along with greatly revisited high-energy flux data and applying the newly invented reconstruction method including an improved neutron-monitor yield function.
Methods. Low- and high-energy parts of the SEP fluence were estimated using a revised space-borne/ionospheric data and ground-based neutron monitors, respectively. The measured data were fitted by the modified Band function spectral shape. The best-fit parameters and their uncertainties were assessed using a direct Monte Carlo method.
Results. A full reconstruction of the event-integrated spectral fluences was performed in the energy range above 30 MeV, parametrised and tabulated for easy use along with estimates of the 68% confidence intervals.
Conclusions. This forms a solid basis for more precise studies of the physics of solar eruptive events and the transport of energetic particles in the interplanetary medium, as well as the related applications.
Key words: Sun: particle emission / Sun: flares / Sun: activity / solar-terrestrial relations
The reconstructed fluences in tabulated form and the corresponding best-fit parameters are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/647/A132
© ESO 2021
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