Volume 647, March 2021
|Number of page(s)||18|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||22 March 2021|
Metallicities and ages for 35 star clusters and their surrounding fields in the Small Magellanic Cloud⋆
Univesidad de Concepción, Departamento de Astronomia, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile
2 Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, Bartycka 18, 00-716 Warsaw, Poland
3 Instituto Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Básicas (ICB), CONICET-UNCUYO, Padre J. Contreras 1300, M5502JMA Mendoza, Argentina
4 Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Godoy Cruz 2290, C1425FQB Buenos Aires, Argentina
5 Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, Rabiańska 8, 87-100 Toruń, Poland
Accepted: 14 January 2021
Aims. In this work we study 35 stellar clusters in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) in order to provide their mean metallicities and ages. We also provide mean metallicities of the fields surrounding the clusters.
Methods. We used Strömgren photometry obtained with the 4.1 m SOAR telescope and take advantage of (b − y) and m1 colors for which there is a metallicity calibration presented in the literature.
Results. The spatial metallicity and age distributions of clusters across the SMC are investigated using the results obtained by Strömgren photometry. We confirm earlier observations that younger, more metal-rich star clusters are concentrated in the central regions of the galaxy, while older, more metal-poor clusters are located farther from the SMC center. We construct the age–metallicity relation for the studied clusters and find good agreement with theoretical models of chemical enrichment, and with other literature age and metallicity values for those clusters. We also provide the mean metallicities for old and young populations of the field stars surrounding the clusters, and find the latter to be in good agreement with recent studies of the SMC Cepheid population. Finally, the Strömgren photometry obtained for this study is made publicly available.
Key words: methods: observational / techniques: photometric / galaxies: individual: Small Magellanic Cloud / galaxies: star clusters: general / galaxies: abundances
Full Table 6 is available on the Araucaria Project webpage (https://araucaria.camk.edu.pl/) and at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/647/A135
© ESO 2021
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