Volume 647, March 2021
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||12 March 2021|
The relentless variability of Mrk 421 from the TeV to the radio⋆
Department of Physics, ETH Zurich, Otto Stern Weg 5, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland
2 Fakultät Physik, Technische Universität Dortmund, Otto Hahn Str. 4a, 44227 Dortmund, Germany
3 Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d’Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
4 Institut für Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Universität Würzburg, Emil Fischer Str. 31, 97074 Würzburg, Germany
5 Physikalisches Institut III A, RWTH Aachen University, Otto Blumenthal Str., 52074 Aachen, Germany
Accepted: 4 January 2021
Context. The origin of the γ-ray emission of the blazar Mrk 421 is still a matter of debate.
Aims. We used 5.5 years of unbiased observing campaign data, obtained using the FACT telescope and the Fermi-LAT detector at TeV and GeV energies, the longest and densest so far, together with contemporaneous multi-wavelength observations, to characterise the variability of Mrk 421 and to constrain the underlying physical mechanisms.
Methods. We studied and correlated light curves obtained by ten different instruments and found two significant results.
Results. The TeV and X-ray light curves are very well correlated with a lag of < 0.6 days. The GeV and radio (15 Ghz band) light curves are widely and strongly correlated. Variations of the GeV light curve lead those in the radio.
Conclusions. Lepto-hadronic and purely hadronic models in the frame of shock acceleration predict proton acceleration or cooling timescales that are ruled out by the short variability timescales and delays observed in Mrk 421. Instead the observations match the predictions of leptonic models.
Key words: astroparticle physics / radiation mechanisms: non-thermal / BL Lacertae objects: individual: Mrk 421 / radiative transfer
Light curves are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/647/A88
© ESO 2021
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