Volume 642, October 2020
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||30 September 2020|
Detailed abundances in a sample of very metal-poor stars★
GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, CNRS,
61 Avenue de l’Observatoire,
2 UPJV, Université de Picardie Jules Verne, 33 rue St Leu, 80080 Amiens, France
3 Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute), Am Mühlenberg 1, Potsdam-Golm 14476, Germany
4 iTHEMS Research Group, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan
5 Department of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Sophia University, 7-1 Kioicho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8554, Japan
6 GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, CNRS, Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France
7 Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, UMR7095 CNRS, Univ. P. & M. Curie, 98bis Bd. Arago, 75104 Paris, France
8 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2 85748 Garching bei Muenchen, Germany
9 National Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan
Accepted: 8 July 2020
Context. Unevolved metal-poor stars bore witness to the early evolution of the Galaxy, and the determination of their detailed chemical composition is an important tool to understand its chemical history. The study of their chemical composition can also be used to constrain the nucleosynthesis of the first generation of supernovae that enriched the interstellar medium.
Aims. We aim to observe a sample of extremely metal-poor star (EMP stars) candidates selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey data release 12 (SDSS DR12) and determine their chemical composition.
Methods. We obtained high-resolution spectra of a sample of five stars using HDS on Subaru telescope and used standard 1D models to compute the abundances. The stars we analysed have a metallicity [Fe/H] of between −3.50 and −4.25 dex.
Results. We confirm that the five metal-poor candidates selected from low-resolution spectra are very metal poor. We present the discovery of a new ultra metal-poor star (UMP star) with a metallicity of [Fe/H] = −4.25 dex (SDSS J1050032.34−241009.7). We measured in this star an upper limit of lithium (log(Li/H) ≤ 2.0. We found that the four most metal-poor stars of our sample have a lower lithium abundance than the Spite plateau lithium value. We obtain upper limits for carbon in the sample of stars. None of them belong to the high carbon band. We measured abundances of Mg and Ca in most of the stars and found three new α-poor stars.
Key words: stars: Population II / Galaxy: abundances / Galaxy: halo
© P. François et al. 2020
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