Volume 641, September 2020
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||01 September 2020|
A closer look at non-interacting He stars as a channel for producing the old population of type Ia supernovae
Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), 396 Yangfangwang, Guandu District, Kunming 650216, PR China
2 Key Laboratory for the Structure and Evolution of Celestial Objects, CAS, Kunming 650216, PR China
3 Center for Astronomical Mega-Science, CAS, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100012, PR China
4 E. A. Milne Centre for Astrophysics, Department of Physics & Mathematics, University of Hull HU6 7RX, UK
Accepted: 31 July 2020
The nature of the progenitors of type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) remains a mystery. Binary systems consisting of a white dwarf (WD) and a main-sequence (MS) donor are potential progenitors of SNe Ia, in which a thermonuclear explosion of the WD may occur when its mass reaches the Chandrasekhar limit during accretion of material from a companion star. In the present work, we address theoretical rates and delay times of a specific MS donor channel to SNe Ia, in which a helium (He) star + MS binary produced from a common envelope event subsequently forms a WD + MS system without the He star undergoing mass transfer by Roche lobe overflow. By combining the results of self-consistent binary evolution calculations with population synthesis models, we find that the contribution of SNe Ia in this channel is around 2.0 × 10−4 yr−1. In addition, we find that delay times of SNe Ia in this channel cover a range of about 1.0–2.6 Gyr, and almost all SNe Ia produced in this way (about 97%) have a delay time of ≳1 Gyr. While the rate of SN Ia in this work is about 10% of the overall SN Ia rate, the channel represents a possible contribution to the old population (1–3 Gyr) of observed SNe Ia.
Key words: supernovae: general / binaries: close
© ESO 2020
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