Volume 641, September 2020
|Number of page(s)||17|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||23 September 2020|
The Carnegie Supernova Project II
National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan
2 School of Physics and Astronomy, Faculty of Science, Monash University, Clayton, Vic 3800, Australia
3 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
4 Las Campanas Observatory, Carnegie Observatories, Casilla 601, La Serena, Chile
5 The George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 877843, USA
6 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
7 DARK, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Lyngbyvej 2, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
8 Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
9 Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara St, Pasadena, CA 91101, USA
10 Departamento de Física Teórica y del Cosmos, Universidad de Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
11 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sheffield, Hicks Building, Hounsfield Road, Sheffield S3 7RH, UK
Accepted: 6 July 2020
We present optical and near-infrared photometry and spectroscopy of the Type IIn supernova, (SN) 2014ab, obtained by the Carnegie Supernova Project II and initiated immediately after its optical discovery. We also study public mid-infrared photometry obtained by the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer satellite extending from 56 days prior to the optical discovery to over 1600 days. The light curve of SN 2014ab evolves slowly, while the spectra exhibit strong emission features produced from the interaction between rapidly expanding ejecta and dense circumstellar matter. The light curve and spectral properties are very similar to those of SN 2010jl. The estimated mass-loss rate of the progenitor of SN 2014ab is of the order of 0.1 M⊙ yr−1 under the assumption of spherically symmetric circumstellar matter and steady mass loss. Although the mid-infrared luminosity increases due to emission from dust, which is characterized by a blackbody temperature close to the dust evaporation temperature (∼2000 K), there were no clear signatures of in situ dust formation observed within the cold dense shell located behind the forward shock in SN 2014ab in the early phases. Mid-infrared emission of SN 2014ab may originate from pre-existing dust located within dense circumstellar matter that is heated by the SN shock or shock-driven radiation. Finally, for the benefit of the community, we also present five near-infrared spectra of SN 2010jl obtained between 450 to 1300 days post-discovery in the appendix.
Key words: supernovae: general / supernovae: individual: SN 2014ab / supernovae: individual: SN 2010jl / circumstellar matter
© ESO 2020
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