Volume 641, September 2020
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Section||Catalogs and data|
|Published online||23 September 2020|
The XMM-Newton serendipitous survey
IRAP, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, CNES, Toulouse, France
2 Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
3 IRFU, CEA, Université Paris-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
4 Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 67000 Strasbourg, France
5 Instituto de Física de Cantabria (CSIC-UC), Avenida de los Castros, 39005 Santander, Spain
6 ESAC, European Space Astronomy Center (ESAC-ESA), Madrid 28691, Spain
7 Université de Paris, CNRS, Astroparticule et Cosmologie, 75013 Paris, France
8 Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstraße 1, 85748 Garching, Germany
9 Space Science Center, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH, USA
10 Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
11 Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK
12 RHEA for ESA/ESAC. European Space Astronomy Center (ESAC-ESA), Madrid 28691, Spain
Accepted: 1 July 2020
Context. Sky surveys produce enormous quantities of data on extensive regions of the sky. The easiest way to access this information is through catalogues of standardised data products. XMM-Newton has been surveying the sky in the X-ray, ultra-violet, and optical bands for 20 years.
Aims. The XMM-Newton Survey Science Centre has been producing standardised data products and catalogues to facilitate access to the serendipitous X-ray sky.
Methods. Using improved calibration and enhanced software, we re-reduced all of the 14 041 XMM-Newton X-ray observations, of which 11 204 observations contained data with at least one detection and with these we created a new, high quality version of the XMM-Newton serendipitous source catalogue, 4XMM-DR9.
Results. 4XMM-DR9 contains 810 795 detections down to a detection significance of 3σ, of which 550 124 are unique sources, which cover 1152 degrees2 (2.85%) of the sky. Filtering 4XMM-DR9 to retain only the cleanest sources with at least a 5σ detection significance leaves 433 612 detections. Of these detections, 99.6% have no pileup. Furthermore, 336 columns of information on each detection are provided, along with images. The quality of the source detection is shown to have improved significantly with respect to previous versions of the catalogues. Spectra and lightcurves are also made available for more than 288 000 of the brightest sources (36% of all detections).
Key words: catalogs / astronomical databases: miscellaneous / surveys / X-rays: general
The source catalogue is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/641/A136
© N. A. Webb et al. 2020
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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