Volume 639, July 2020
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Published online||22 July 2020|
Stochastic re-acceleration and magnetic-field damping in Tycho’s supernova remnant
DESY, 15738 Zeuthen, Germany
2 Institute of Physics and Astronomy, University of Potsdam, 14476 Potsdam, Germany
3 University of Chicago, Department of Astronomy& Astrophysics, 5640 S Ellis Ave, ERC 569, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Accepted: 29 May 2020
Context. Tycho’s supernova remnant (SNR) is associated with the historical supernova (SN) event SN 1572 of Type Ia. The explosion occurred in a relatively clean environment, and was visually observed, providing an age estimate. This SNR therefore represents an ideal astrophysical test-bed for the study of cosmic-ray acceleration and related phenomena. A number of studies suggest that shock acceleration with particle feedback and very efficient magnetic-field amplification combined with Alfvénic drift are needed to explain the rather soft radio spectrum and the narrow rims observed in X-rays.
Aims. We show that the broadband spectrum of Tycho’s SNR can alternatively be well explained when accounting for stochastic acceleration as a secondary process. The re-acceleration of particles in the turbulent region immediately downstream of the shock should be efficient enough to impact particle spectra over several decades in energy. The so-called Alfvénic drift and particle feedback on the shock structure are not required in this scenario. Additionally, we investigate whether synchrotron losses or magnetic-field damping play a more profound role in the formation of the non-thermal filaments.
Methods. We solved the full particle transport equation in test-particle mode using hydrodynamic simulations of the SNR plasma flow. The background magnetic field was either computed from the induction equation or follows analytic profiles, depending on the model considered. Fast-mode waves in the downstream region provide the diffusion of particles in momentum space.
Results. We show that the broadband spectrum of Tycho can be well explained if magnetic-field damping and stochastic re-acceleration of particles are taken into account. Although not as efficient as standard diffusive shock acceleration, stochastic acceleration leaves its imprint on the particle spectra, which is especially notable in the emission at radio wavelengths. We find a lower limit for the post-shock magnetic-field strength ∼330 μG, implying efficient amplification even for the magnetic-field damping scenario. Magnetic-field damping is necessary for the formation of the filaments in the radio range, while the X-ray filaments are shaped by both the synchrotron losses and magnetic-field damping.
Key words: acceleration of particles / radiation mechanisms: non-thermal / ISM: supernova remnants / cosmic rays / ISM: individual objects: Tycho’s SNR / shock waves
© ESO 2020
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