Volume 638, June 2020
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||The Sun and the Heliosphere|
|Published online||17 June 2020|
Temporal evolution of oscillating coronal loops
Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg 3, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
2 Institut für Astrophysik, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
3 Department of Physics, University of Calabria, Ponte P. Bucci, Cubo 31C, 87036 Arcavacata di Rende, Italy
Accepted: 27 April 2020
Context. Transverse oscillations of coronal structures are currently intensively studied to explore the associated magnetohydrodynamic wave physics and perform seismology of the local medium.
Aims. We make a first attempt to measure the thermodynamic evolution of a sample of coronal loops that undergo decaying kink oscillations in response to an eruption in the corresponding active region.
Methods. Using data from the six coronal wavelengths of SDO/AIA, we performed a differential emission measure (DEM) analysis of 15 coronal loops before, during, and after the eruption and oscillation.
Results. We find that the emission measure, temperature, and width of the DEM distribution undergo significant variations on timescales relevant for the study of transverse oscillations. There are no clear collective trends of increases or decreases for the parameters we analysed. The strongest variations of the parameters occur during the initial perturbation of the loops, and the influence of background structures may also account for much of this variation.
Conclusions. The DEM analysis of oscillating coronal loops in erupting active regions shows evidence of evolution on timescales important for the study of oscillations. Further work is needed to separate the various observational and physical mechanisms that may be responsible for the variations in temperature, DEM distribution width, and total emission measure.
Key words: Sun: corona / magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) / Sun: oscillations / methods: observational
© C. R. Goddard and G. Nisticò 2020
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Open Access funding provided by Max Planck Society.
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