Volume 636, April 2020
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||10 April 2020|
Spatially resolved spectroscopy of close massive visual binaries with HST/STIS
I. Seven O-type systems
Centro de Astrobiología, CSIC-INTA, Campus ESAC, C. Bajo del Castillo s/n, 28 692 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain
2 Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de La Serena, Av. Cisternas, 1200 Norte, La Serena, Chile
Accepted: 27 February 2020
Context. The spectroscopic characterization of many O-type stars is hampered by a nearby companion.
Aims. We want to obtain spatially resolved spectroscopy of close O-type visual binaries to derive their spectral types.
Methods. We used the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) to obtain long-slit blue-violet spectroscopy of eight Galactic O-type stars with nearby visual companions and used spatial-profile fitting to extract the separate spectra. We also used the ground-based Galactic O-Star Spectroscopic Survey to study more distant visual components.
Results. We spatially resolve seven of the eight systems, present spectra for their components, and obtain their spectral types. Those seven multiple systems are ι Ori Aa,Ab,B; 15 Mon Aa,Ab,C; τ CMa Aa,Ab,B,C,D,E; HD 206 267 Aa,Ab,C,D; HD 193 443 A,B; HD 16 429 Aa,Ab; and IU Aur A,B. This is the first time that spatially resolved spectroscopy of the close visual binaries of those systems is obtained. We establish the applicability of the technique as a function of the separation and magnitude difference of the binary.
Key words: binaries: spectroscopic / binaries: visual / methods: data analysis / stars: early-type / stars: massive / techniques: spectroscopic
© ESO 2020
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.