Volume 636, April 2020
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||03 April 2020|
Modelling hystereses observed during dwarf nova outbursts
Observatoire Astronomique de Strasbourg, Université de Strasbourg, CNRS UMR 7550, 67000 Strasbourg, France
2 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
3 Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, CNRS et Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Paris 06, UMR 7095, 98bis Bd Arago, 75014 Paris, France
4 Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, Bartycka 18, 00-716 Warsaw, Poland
5 Vereniging Voor Sterrenkunde (VVS), Oostmeers 122 C, 8000 Brugge, Belgium
6 Bundesdeutsche Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Veränderliche Sterne e.V. (BAV), Munsterdamm 90, 12169 Berlin, Germany
7 American Association of Variable Star Observers, 49 Bay State Road, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Accepted: 6 March 2020
Context. Although the disc instability model is widely accepted as the explanation for dwarf nova outbursts, it is still necessary to compare its predictions to observations because many of the constraints on angular momentum transport in accretion discs are derived from the application of this model to real systems.
Aims. We test the predictions of the model concerning the multicolour time evolution of outbursts for two well-observed systems, SS Cyg and VW Hyi.
Methods. We calculate the multicolour evolution of dwarf nova outbursts using the disc instability model and taking into account the contribution from the irradiated secondary, the white dwarf and the hot spot.
Results. Observations definitely show the existence of a hysteresis in the optical colour–magnitude diagram during the evolution of dwarf nova outbursts. We find that the disc instability model naturally explains the existence and the orientation of this hysteresis. For the specific cases of SS Cyg and VW Hyi, the colour and magnitude ranges covered during the evolution of the system are in reasonable agreement with observations. However, the observed colours are bluer than observed near the peak of the outbursts, as in steady systems, and the amplitude of the hysteresis cycle is smaller than observed. The predicted colours significantly depend on the assumptions made for calculating the disc spectrum during rise, and on the magnitude of the secondary irradiation for the decaying part of the outburst.
Conclusions. Improvements in the spectral disc models are strongly needed if the system evolution in the UV is to be addressed.
Key words: accretion, accretion disks / stars: dwarf novae / instabilities
© J.-M. Hameury et al. 2020
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