Volume 636, April 2020
|Number of page(s)||22|
|Published online||27 April 2020|
The final SDSS-IV/SPIDERS X-ray point source spectroscopic catalogue⋆
Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik (MPE), Giessenbachstrasse 1, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
2 Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
3 Institute for Astronomy & Astrophysics, National Observatory of Athens, V. Paulou & I. Metaxa, 11532 Athens, Greece
4 IRAP, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, CNES, Toulouse, France
5 Department of Physics and Astronomy (DIFA), University of Bologna, Via Gobetti 93/2, 40129 Bologna, Italy
6 INAF-Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, Via Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy
7 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, 115 S. 1400 E., Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
8 Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
9 Institute for Gravitation and the Cosmos, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
10 Apache Point Observatory and New Mexico State University, PO Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349-0059, USA
11 Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Accepted: 22 January 2020
Aims. We look to provide a detailed description of the SPectroscopic IDentification of ERosita Sources (SPIDERS) survey, an SDSS-IV programme aimed at obtaining spectroscopic classification and redshift measurements for complete samples of sufficiently bright X-ray sources.
Methods. We describe the SPIDERS X-ray Point Source Spectroscopic Catalogue, considering its store of 11 092 observed spectra drawn from a parent sample of 14 759 ROSAT and XMM sources over an area of 5129 deg2 covered in SDSS-IV by the eBOSS survey.
Results. This programme represents the largest systematic spectroscopic observation of an X-ray selected sample. A total of 10 970 (98.9%) of the observed objects are classified and 10 849 (97.8%) have secure redshifts. The majority of the spectra (10 070 objects) are active galactic nuclei (AGN), 522 are cluster galaxies, and 294 are stars.
Conclusions. The observed AGN redshift distribution is in good agreement with simulations based on empirical models for AGN activation and duty cycle. Forming composite spectra of type 1 AGN as a function of the mass and accretion rate of their black holes reveals systematic differences in the H-beta emission line profiles. This study paves the way for systematic spectroscopic observations of sources that are potentially to be discovered in the upcoming eROSITA survey over a large section of the sky.
Key words: surveys / galaxies: active / galaxies: abundances / X-rays: general
Catalogues are also available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (22.214.171.124) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/636/A97
© J. Comparat et al. 2020
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Open Access funding provided by Max Planck Society.
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