Volume 636, April 2020
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||03 April 2020|
The discovery of radio halos in the frontier fields clusters Abell S1063 and Abell 370
Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
2 Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
3 INAF – IRA, via P. Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
4 Hamburger Sternwarte, University of Hamburg, Gojenbergsweg 112, 21029 Hamburg, Germany
5 Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str 1, 85741 Garching, Germany
6 Space Research Institute (IKI), Profsoyuznaya 84/32, Moscow 117997, Russia
7 Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Avenue SW, Code 7213, Washington, DC 20375, USA
8 International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research – Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
9 National Centre for Radio Astrophysics – Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Post Box 3, Ganeshkhind PO, Pune 411007, India
10 European Southern Observatory (ESO), Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
11 Physics Department, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, PO Box 653, Beer-Sheva 8410501, Israel
Accepted: 4 February 2020
Context. Massive merging galaxy clusters often host diffuse megaparsec-scale radio synchrotron emission. This emission originates from relativistic electrons in the ionized intracluster medium. An important question is how these synchrotron emitting relativistic electrons are accelerated.
Aims. Our aim is to search for diffuse emission in the Frontier Fields clusters Abell S1063 and Abell 370 and characterize its properties. While these clusters are very massive and well studied at some other wavelengths, no diffuse emission has been reported for these clusters so far.
Methods. We obtained 325 MHz Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) and 1–4 GHz Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) observations of Abell S1063 and Abell 370. We complement these data with Chandra and XMM-Newton X-ray observations.
Results. In our sensitive images, we discover radio halos in both clusters. In Abell S1063, a giant radio halo is found with a size of ∼1.2 Mpc. The integrated spectral index between 325 MHz and 1.5 GHz is −0.94 ± 0.08 and it steepens to −1.77 ± 0.20 between 1.5 and 3.0 GHz. This spectral steepening provides support for the turbulent reacceleration model for radio halo formation. Abell 370 hosts a faint radio halo mostly centered on the southern part of this binary merging cluster, with a size of ∼500−700 kpc. The spectral index between 325 MHz and 1.5 GHz is −1.10 ± 0.09. Both radio halos follow the known scaling relation between the cluster mass proxy Y500 and radio power, which is consistent with the idea that they are related to ongoing cluster merger events.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell S1063 / galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 370 / galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium / radiation mechanisms: non-thermal
© ESO 2020
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