Volume 635, March 2020
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||27 March 2020|
NGC 6397: The metallicity trend along the isochrone revisited⋆
Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, Observatoire Astronomique de Strasbourg, UMR7550, 67000 Strasbourg, France
2 Centre de Recherche Astrophysique de Lyon UMR5574, Univ Lyon, Univ Lyon1, ENS de Lyon, CNRS, 69230 Saint-Genis-Laval, France
3 NAT- Universidade Cidade de São Paulo/Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul, Rua Galvão Bueno, 868, 01506-000 Sao Paulo, Brazil
Accepted: 17 December 2019
Context. Recent work has used spectra of ∼5000 stars in NGC 6397 that were extracted from a MUSE mosaic to determine the atmospheric parameters for these stars by fitting the spectra against the Göttingen Spectral Library. A significant change in metallicity between the turn off and the red giant branch was found and was discussed as a possible manifestation of predicted effects of atomic diffusion. However, the small amplitude of the effect and inconsistency with earlier measurements call for more attention before this result is interpreted. Systematic effects due to the interpolation or to the synthetic spectra cannot be ruled out at this level of precision.
Aims. We reanalyze the data with : the ELODIE and MILES reference libraries in order to assess the robustness of the result. These empirical libraries have a finer metallicity coverage down to approximately the cluster metalicity turn-off.
Methods. We used the ULySS full-spectrum fitting package, together with the library interpolators to remeasure the three atmospheric parameters effective temperature, surface gravity, and [Fe/H] metallicity.
Results. We find a very low [Fe/H] dispersion along the isochrone (0.07 dex), consistent with our error estimate (0.05 dex). However, the [Fe/H] trend is not reproducible. This shows that the data have the potential to reveal patterns of the magnitude of the expected physical effects, but the analysis methods need to be refined to cull systematic effects that currently dominate the patterns.
Key words: methods: data analysis / techniques: spectroscopic / stars: fundamental parameters
Data are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/635/A161
© R. Jain et al. 2020
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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