Volume 633, January 2020
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||17 January 2020|
UV and NIR size of the low-mass field galaxies: the UV compact galaxies
Chinese Academy of Sciences South America Center for Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, CAS, Beijing 100101, PR China
2 China-Chile Joint centre for Astronomy, Camino El Observatorio 1515, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile
3 Tianjin Astrophysics Centre, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, PR China
4 Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2 West-Beijing Road, Nanjing 210008, PR China
5 Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile
6 Instituto de Física y Astronomía, Universidad de Valparaíso, Avda. Gran Bretaña 1111, Valparaíso, Chile
Accepted: 26 November 2019
Context. Most of the massive star-forming galaxies are found to have “inside-out” stellar mass growth modes, which means the inner parts of the galaxies mainly consist of the older stellar population, while the star forming in the outskirt of the galaxy is still ongoing.
Aims. The high-resolution HST images from Hubble Deep UV Legacy Survey and Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey projects with the unprecedented depth in both F275W and F160W bands are the perfect data sets to study the forming and formed stellar distribution directly.
Methods. We selected the low redshift (0.05 < zspec < 0.3) galaxy sample from the GOODS-North field where the HST F275W and F160W images are available. Then we measured the half light radius in F275W and F160W bands, which are the indicators of the star formation and stellar mass.
Results. By comparing the F275W and F160W half light radius, we find the massive galaxies are mainly follow the “inside-out” growth mode, which is consistent with the previous results. Moreover, the HST F275W and F160W images reveal that some of the low-mass galaxies (< 108 M⊙) have the “outside-in” growth mode: their images show a compact UV morphology, implying an ongoing star formation in the galaxy centre, while the stars in the outskirts of the galaxies are already formed. The two modes transit smoothly at stellar mass range about 108 − 9 M⊙ with a large scatter. We also try to identify the possible neighbour massive galaxies from the SDSS data, which represent the massive galaxy sample. We find that all of the spec-z selected galaxies have no massive galaxy nearby. Thus the “outside-in” mode we find in the low-mass galaxies are not likely originated from the environment.
Key words: galaxies: formation / galaxies: dwarf / Galaxy: center / galaxies: structure / ultraviolet: galaxies
© ESO 2020
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