Volume 633, January 2020
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||09 January 2020|
A strange star scenario for the formation of isolated millisecond pulsars
Xinjiang Astronomical Observatory, CAS, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830011, PR China
2 School of Physics and Electrical Information, Shangqiu Normal University, Shangqiu, Henan 476000, PR China
3 Key laboratory of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics, Nanjing University, Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210046, PR China
Accepted: 17 November 2019
According to the recycling model, neutron stars in low-mass X-ray binaries were spun up to millisecond pulsars (MSPs), which indicates that all MSPs in the Galactic plane ought to be harbored in binaries. However, about 20% Galactic field MSPs are found to be solitary. To interpret this problem, we assume that the accreting neutron star in binaries may collapse and become a strange star when it reaches some critical mass limit. Mass loss and a weak kick induced by asymmetric collapse during the phase transition (PT) from neutron star to strange star can result in isolated MSPs. In this work, we use a population-synthesis code to examine the PT model. The simulated results show that a kick velocity of ∼60 km s−1 can produce ∼6 × 103 isolated MSPs and birth rate of ∼6.6 × 10−7 yr−1 in the Galaxy, which is approximately in agreement with predictions from observations. For the purpose of comparisons with future observation, we also give the mass distributions of radio and X-ray binary MSPs, along with the delay time distribution.
Key words: stars: evolution / stars: neutron / pulsars: general
© ESO 2020
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