Volume 630, October 2019
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||09 October 2019|
The last pieces of the primitive inner belt puzzle: Klio, Chaldaea, Chimaera, and Svea★
Observatório Nacional, Coordenação de Astronomia e Astrofísica,
20921-400 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC), C/Vía Láctea s/n, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
3 Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
4 Florida Space Institute, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816, USA
5 Arecibo Observatory, University of Central Florida, HC-3 Box 53995, Arecibo 00612, Puerto Rico
6 Physics Department, University of Central Florida, PO Box 162385, Orlando, FL 32816-2385, USA
7 GTC Project Office, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
Accepted: 16 July 2019
Aims. Several primitive families in the inner region of the main asteroid belt were identified as potential sources for two near-Earth asteroids (NEAs), (101955) Bennu and (162173) Ryugu, targets of the sample-return missions OSIRIS-REx and Hayabusa2, respectively. Four of the families, located at high proper inclinations (i > 10°), have not yet been compositionally studied: Klio, Chaldaea, Chimaera, and Svea. We want to characterize and analyze these families within the context of our PRIMitive Asteroid Spectroscopic Survey (PRIMASS), in order to complete the puzzle of the origins of the two NEAs.
Methods. We obtained visible spectra (0.5–0.9 μm) of a total of 73 asteroids within the Klio, Chaldaea, Chimaera, and Svea collisional families, using the instrument OSIRIS at the 10.4 m Gran Telescopio Canarias. We performed a taxonomical classification of these objects, and an analysis of the possible presence of absorption bands related to aqueous alterations, comparing the results with already studied primitive families in the inner main belt.
Results. We present here reflectance spectra for 30 asteroids in the Klio family, 15 in Chaldaea, 20 in Chimaera, and 8 in Svea. We show that Klio, Chaldaea, and Chimaera members have moderately red spectral slopes, with aqueous alteration absorption bands centered around 0.7 μm, characteristic of the group of primitive families known as Erigone-like. In contrast, Svea shows no 0.7 μm features, and neutral and blue spectral slopes, and thus is a Polana-like family. While all four families might be related to (162173) Ryugu, the only family studied in this work that might be related to (101955) Bennu is Svea.
Key words: minor planets, asteroids: general / techniques: spectroscopic
A copy of the spectra is available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (22.214.171.124) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/630/A141
© ESO 2019
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