Volume 630, October 2019
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||23 September 2019|
Observations on spatial variations of the Sr I 4607 Å scattering polarization signals at different limb distances with ZIMPOL
Istituto Ricerche Solari Locarno (IRSOL), 6605 Locarno-Monti, Switzerland
2 Kiepenheuer-Institut für Sonnenphysik (KIS), Schöneckstrasse 6, 79104 Freiburg, Germany
Accepted: 29 July 2019
Context. The Sr I 4607 Å spectral line shows one of the strongest scattering polarization signals in the visible solar spectrum. The amplitude of this polarization signal is expected to vary at granular spatial scales, due to the combined action of the Hanle effect and the local anisotropy of the radiation field. Observing these variations would be of great interest because it would provide precious information on the small-scale activity of the solar photosphere. At present, few detections of such spatial variations have been reported. This is due to the difficulty of these measurements, which require combining high spatial (∼0.1″), spectral (≤20 mÅ), and temporal resolution (< 1 min) with increased polarimetric sensitivity (∼10−4).
Aims. We aim to detect spatial variations at granular scales of the scattering polarization peak of the Sr I 4607 Å line at different limb distances, and to study the correlation with the continuum intensity.
Methods. Using the Zurich IMaging POLarimeter (ZIMPOL) system mounted at the GREGOR telescope and spectrograph in Tenerife, Spain, we carried out spectro-polarimetric measurements to obtain the four Stokes parameters in the Sr I line at different limb distances, from μ = 0.2 to μ = 0.8, on the solar disk.
Results. Spatial variations of the scattering polarization signal in the Sr I 4607 Å line, with a spatial resolution of about 0.66″, are clearly observed at every μ. The spatial scale of these variations is comparable to the granular size. A statistical analysis reveals that the linear scattering polarization amplitude in this Sr I spectral line is positively correlated with the intensity in the continuum, corresponding to the granules, at every μ.
Key words: Sun: photosphere / Sun: granulation / polarization / magnetic fields / instrumentation: high angular resolution / scattering
© ESO 2019
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