Volume 629, September 2019
|Number of page(s)||26|
|Published online||04 September 2019|
Comparison of time–distance inversion methods applied to SDO/HMI Dopplergrams
Astronomical Institute of Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, V Holešovičkách 2, Praha 8 180 00, Czech Republic
2 Astronomical Institute of Czech Academy of Sciences, Fričova 298, Ondřejov 25165, Czech Republic
3 W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-4085, USA
Accepted: 5 August 2019
Context. The Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) onboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) satellite has been observing the Sun since 2010. The uninterrupted series of Dopplergrams are ideal for studying the dynamics of the upper solar convection zone. Within the Joint Science Operations Center (JSOC) the time–distance inversions for flows and sound-speed perturbations were introduced. The automatic pipeline has produced flow and sound-speed maps every 8 h. We verify the results of JSOC inversions by comparing the data products to equivalent results from inverse modelling obtained by an independent inversion pipeline.
Aims. We compared the results from the JSOC pipeline for horizontal flow components and the perturbations of the speed of sound at set of depths with equivalent results from an independently implemented pipeline using a different time–distance inversion scheme. Our inversion pipeline allows inversion for all quantities at once while allowing minimisation of the crosstalk between them. This gives us an opportunity to discuss the possible biases present in the JSOC data products.
Methods. For the tests we used the subtractive optimally localised averaging (SOLA) method with a minimisation of the cross-talk. We compared three test inversions for each quantity at each target depth. At first, we used the JSOC setup to reproduce the JSOC results. Subsequently, we used the extended pipeline to improve these results by incorporating more independent travel-time measurements but keeping the JSOC-indicated localisation in the Sun. Finally, we inverted for flow components and sound-speed perturbations using a localisation kernel with properties advertised in the JSOC metadata.
Results. We successfully reproduced the horizontal flow components. The sound-speed perturbations are strongly affected by the high level of the cross-talk in JSOC products. This leads to larger amplitudes in the inversions for the sound-speed perturbations. Different results were obtained when a target function localised around the target depth was used. This is a consequence of non-localised JSOC averaging kernels. We add that our methodology also allows inversion for the vertical flow.
Key words: Sun: helioseismology / Sun: oscillations / Sun: interior
© ESO 2019
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.