Volume 629, September 2019
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||06 September 2019|
An extremely X-ray weak blazar at z = 5
INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Via Brera, 28, 20121 Milano, Italy
2 DiSAT, Università degli Studi dell’Insubria, Via Valleggio 11, 22100 Como, Italy
3 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera Merate, Via E. Bianchi, 46, 23807 Merate, Italy
4 Dipartimento di Fisica G. Occhialini, Università degli Studi di Milano Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 3, 20126 Milano, Italy
5 INAF – Fundación Galileo Galilei, Rambla José Ana Fernandez Pérez 7, 38712 Breña Baja, TF, Spain
Accepted: 29 July 2019
We present the discovery and properties of DES J014132.4−542749.9 (DES0141−54), a new powerful radio-loud active galactic nucleus (AGN) in the early Universe (z = 5.0). It was discovered by cross-matching the first data release of the Dark Energy Survey (DES DR1) with the Sidney University Molonglo Survey (SUMSS) radio catalog at 0.843 GHz. This object is the first radio-loud AGN at high redshift discovered in the DES. The radio properties of DES0141−54, namely its very large radio-loudness (R > 104), the high radio luminosity (L0.8 GHz = 1.73 × 1028 W Hz−1), and the flatness of the radio spectrum (α = 0.35) up to very high frequencies (120 GHz in the source’s rest frame), classify this object as a blazar, meaning, a radio-loud AGN observed along the relativistic jet axis. However, the X-ray luminosity of DES0141−54 is much lower compared to those of the high redshift (z ≥ 4.5) blazars discovered so far. Moreover its X-ray-to-radio luminosity ratio (log( L[0.5-10] keV / L1.4 GHz) = 9.96±0.30 Hz) is small also when compared to lower redshift blazars: only 2% of the low-z population has a similar ratio. By modeling the spectral energy distribution we found that this peculiar X-ray weakness and the powerful radio emission could be related to a particularly high value of the magnetic field. Finally, the mass of the central black hole is relatively small (MBH = 3−8 × 108 M⊙) compared to other confirmed blazars at similar redshift, making DES0141−54 the radio-loud AGN that host the smallest supermassive black hole ever discovered at z ≥ 5.
Key words: galaxies: high-redshift / quasars: supermassive black holes / quasars: individual: DES J014132.4−542749.9
© ESO 2019
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