Volume 629, September 2019
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||05 September 2019|
Feedback from low-luminosity radio galaxies: B2 0258+35⋆
Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Postbus 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
2 ASTRON, the Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, Postbus 2, 7990 AA Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
3 Dipartimento di Fisica Generale, Universita degli Studi di Torino, Via Pietro Giuria 1, 10125 Torino, Italy
4 Center for Computational Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577, Japan
5 Australian National University, Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Cotter Rd., Weston, ACT 2611, Australia
6 INAF – Istituto di Radioastronomia, Via P. Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
7 Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy, University of Amsterdam, Postbus 94249, 1090 GE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Accepted: 15 July 2019
Low-luminosity radio-loud active galactic nuclei (AGN) are of importance in studies concerning feedback from radio AGN since a dominant fraction of AGN belong to this class. We report high-resolution Very Large Array (VLA) and European VLBI Network (EVN) observations of H I 21 cm absorption from a young, compact steep-spectrum radio source, B2 0258+35, nested in the early-type galaxy NGC 1167, which contains a 160 kpc H I disc. Our VLA and EVN H I absorption observations, modelling, and comparison with molecular gas data suggest that the cold gas in the centre of NGC 1167 is very turbulent (with a velocity dispersion of ∼90 km s−1) and that this turbulence is induced by the interaction of the jets with the interstellar medium (ISM). Furthermore, the ionised gas in the galaxy shows evidence of shock heating at a few kpc from the radio source. These findings support the results from numerical simulations of radio jets expanding into a clumpy gas disc, which predict that the radio jets in this case percolate through the gas disc and drive shocks into the ISM at distances much larger than their physical extent. These results expand the number of low-luminosity radio sources found to impact the surrounding medium, thereby highlighting the possible relevance of these AGN for feedback.
Key words: galaxies: active / galaxies: individual: B2 0258+35 / radio lines: galaxies / galaxies: ISM
Reduced images and datacubes are also available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/629/A58
© ESO 2019
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