Volume 629, September 2019
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Published online||27 August 2019|
X-ray spectral and eclipsing model of the clumpy obscurer in active galactic nuclei⋆
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Instituto de Astrofísica, Casilla 306, Santiago 22, Chile
2 Excellence Cluster Universe, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
3 Cahill Center for Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, 1216 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
4 Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Giessenbachstrasse, 85741 Garching, Germany
5 National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 N Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
6 Millenium Institute of Astrophysics, Vicuña MacKenna 4860, 7820436 Macul, Santiago, Chile
7 Space Science Institute, 4750 Walnut Street, Suite 205, Boulder, CO 80301, USA
Accepted: 18 July 2019
We present a unification model for a clumpy obscurer in active galactic nuclei (AGN) and investigate the properties of the resulting X-ray spectrum. Our model is constructed to reproduce the column density distribution of the AGN population and cloud eclipse events in terms of their angular sizes and frequency. We developed and released a generalised Monte Carlo X-ray radiative transfer code, XARS, to compute X-ray spectra of obscurer models. The geometry results in strong Compton scattering, causing soft photons to escape also along Compton-thick sight lines. This makes our model spectra very similar to our TORUS previous model. However, only if we introduce an additional Compton-thick reflector near the corona, we achieve good fits to NuSTAR spectra. This additional component in our model can be interpreted as part of the dust-free broad-line region, an inner wall or rim, or a warped disk. It cannot be attributed to a simple disk because the reflector must simultaneously block the line of sight to the corona and reflect its radiation. We release our model as an Xspec table model and present corresponding CLUMPY infrared spectra, paving the way for self-consistent multi-wavelength analyses.
Key words: galaxies: active / X-rays: galaxies / methods: numerical
© ESO 2019
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