Volume 629, September 2019
|Number of page(s)||15|
|Published online||30 August 2019|
Complex molecular gas kinematics in the inner 5 kpc of 4C12.50 as seen by ALMA⋆
Department of Astrophysics, Astronomy & Mechanics, Faculty of Physics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos 15784, Greece
2 Max-Planck Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, 85741 Garching, Germany
3 Institute for Astronomy, Astrophysics, Space Applications, and Remote Sensing, National Observatory of Athens, 15236 Penteli, Greece
4 Observatoire de Paris, LERMA, 61 Av. de l’Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France
Accepted: 19 July 2019
The nearby system 4C12.50, also known as IRAS 13451+1217 and PKS 1345+12, is a merger of gas-rich galaxies with infrared and radio activity. It has a perturbed interstellar medium (ISM) and a dense configuration of gas and dust around the nucleus. The radio emission at small (∼100 pc) and large (∼100 kpc) scales, as well as the large X-ray cavity in which the system is embedded, are indicative of a jet that could have affected the ISM. We carried out observations of the CO(1−0), (3−2), and (4−3) lines with the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) to determine basic properties (i.e., extent, mass, and excitation) of the cold molecular gas in this system, including its already-known wind. The CO emission reveals the presence of gaseous streams related to the merger, which result in a small (∼4 kpc-wide) disk around the western nucleus. The disk reaches a rotational velocity of 200 km s−1, and has a mass of 3.8(±0.4) × 109 M⊙. It is truncated at a gaseous ridge north of the nucleus that is bright in [O III]. Regions with high-velocity CO emission are seen at signal-to-noise ratios of between 3 and 5 along filaments that radially extend from the nucleus to the ridge and that are bright in [O III] and stellar emission. A tentative wind detection is also reported in the nucleus and in the disk. The molecular gas speed could be as high as 2200 km s−1 and the total wind mass could be as high as 1.5(±0.1) × 109 M⊙. Energetically, it is possible that the jet, assisted by the radiation pressure of the active nucleus or the stars, accelerated clouds inside an expanding bubble.
Key words: ISM: jets and outflows / ISM: kinematics and dynamics / line: profiles / galaxies: active / galaxies: nuclei / infrared: galaxies
All reduced datacubes are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/629/A30
© C. M. Fotopoulou et al. 2019
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Open Access funding provided by Max Planck Society.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.