Volume 628, August 2019
|Number of page(s)||37|
|Published online||25 July 2019|
The Fornax Deep Survey with the VST
VII. Evolution and structure of late type galaxies inside the virial radius of the Fornax cluster
INAF-Astronomical observatory of Capodimonte, via Moiariello 16, Naples 80131, Italy
e-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
2 University of Naples “Federico II”, C.U, Monte Santangelo, Via Cinthia, 80126 Naples, Italy
3 School of Physics and Astronomy, Sun Yat-sen University Zhuhai Campus, 2 Daxue Road, Tangjia, Zhuhai, Guangdong 519082, PR China
4 Division of Astronomy, Department of Physics, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
5 Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
6 School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Queen’s Building, The Parade, Cardiff, CF24 3AA Wales, UK
7 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, 85748 Garching bei Munchen, Germany
8 European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura, Santiago, Chile
9 Instituto de Astrofìsica de Canarias, C Via Lactea s/n, 38200 La Laguna, Canary Islands, Spain
10 Departamento de Astrofìsica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
11 INAF-Astronomical Abruzzo Observatory, Via Maggini, 64100 Teramo, Italy
12 Department of Astrophysics, University of Vienna, Türkenschanzstrasse, 17, 1180 Vienna, Austria
Accepted: 18 June 2019
Context. We present the study of a magnitude limited sample (mB ≤ 16.6 mag) of 13 late type galaxies (LTGs), observed inside the virial radius, Rvir ∼ 0.7 Mpc, of the Fornax cluster within the Fornax Deep Survey (FDS).
Aims. The main objective is to use surface brightness profiles and g − i colour maps to obtain information on the internal structure of these galaxies and find signatures of the mechanisms that drive their evolution in high-density environments inside the virial radius of the cluster.
Methods. By modelling galaxy isophotes, we extract the azimuthally averaged surface brightness profiles in four optical bands. We also derive g − i colour profiles, and relevant structural parameters like total magnitude and effective radius. For ten of the galaxies in this sample, we observe a clear discontinuity in their typical exponential surface brightness profiles, derive their “break radius”, and classify their disc-breaks into Type II (down-bending) or Type III (up-bending).
Results. We find that Type II galaxies have bluer average (g − i) colour in their outer discs while Type III galaxies are redder. The break radius increases with stellar mass and molecular gas mass while it decreases with molecular gas-fractions. The inner and outer scale-lengths increase monotonically with absolute magnitude, as found in other works. For galaxies with CO(1-0) measurements, there is no detected cold gas beyond the break radius (within the uncertainties). In the context of morphological segregation of LTGs in clusters, we also find that, in Fornax, galaxies with morphological type 5 < T ≤ 9 (∼60% of the sample) are located beyond the high-density, ETG-dominated regions, however there is no correlation between T and the disc-break type. We do not find any correlation between the average (g − i) colours and cluster-centric distance, but the colour-magnitude relation holds true.
Conclusions. The main results of this work suggest that the disc-breaks of LTGs inside the virial radius of the Fornax cluster seem to have arisen through a variety of mechanisms (e.g. ram-pressure stripping, tidal disruption), which is evident in their outer-disc colours and the absence of molecular gas beyond their break radius in some cases. This can result in a variety of stellar populations inside and outside the break radii.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: individual: Fornax / galaxies: spiral / galaxies: irregular / galaxies: photometry / galaxies: structure / methods: data analysis
© ESO 2019
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.