Volume 626, June 2019
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||20 June 2019|
Evidence for the radiation-pressure dominated accretion disk in bursting pulsar GRO J1744−28 using timing analysis
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Turku, 20014 Turku, Finland
2 Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Profsoyuznaya Str. 84/32, Moscow 117997, Russia
3 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
4 Anton Pannekoek Institute, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
5 Institut für Astronomie und Astrophysik, Universität Tübingen, Sand 1, 72076 Tübingen, Germany
6 Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kremlevskaya str. 18, 420008 Kazan, Russia
7 Nordita, KTH Royal Institute of Technology and Stockholm University, Roslagstullsbacken 23, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
Accepted: 10 May 2019
The X-ray pulsar GRO J1744−28 is a unique source that shows both pulsations and type-II X-ray bursts, allowing studies of the interaction of the accretion disk with the magnetosphere at huge mass-accretion rates exceeding 1019 g s−1 during its super-Eddington outbursts. The magnetic field strength in the source, B ≈ 5 × 1011 G, is known from the cyclotron absorption feature discovered in the energy spectrum around 4.5 keV. Here, we have explored the flux variability of the source in context of interaction of its magnetosphere with the radiation-pressure dominated accretion disk. Specifically, we present the results of the analysis of noise power density spectra (PDS) using the observations of the source in 1996–1997 by the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE). Accreting compact objects commonly exhibit a broken power-law PDS shape with a break corresponding to the Keplerian orbital frequency of matter at the innermost disk radius. The observed frequency of the break can thus be used to estimate the size of the magnetosphere. We find, however, that the observed PDS of GRO J1744−28 differs dramatically from the canonical shape. The observed break frequency appears to be significantly higher than expected based on the magnetic field estimated from the cyclotron line energy. We argue that these observational facts can be attributed to the existence of the radiation-pressure dominated region in the accretion disk at luminosities above ∼2 × 1037 erg s−1. We discuss a qualitative model for the PDS formation in such disks, and show that its predictions are consistent with our observational findings. The presence of the radiation-pressure dominated region can also explain the observed weak luminosity dependence of the inner radius, and we argue that the small inner radius can be explained by a quadrupole component dominating the magnetic field of the neutron star.
Key words: accretion / accretion disks / magnetic fields / stars: neutron / stars: individual: GRO J1744-28 / X-rays: binaries
© ESO 2019
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