Volume 625, May 2019
|Number of page(s)||22|
|Published online||17 May 2019|
The Fornax 3D project: Thick disks in a cluster environment
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Calle Via Láctea s/n, 38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
2 Depto. Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, Calle Astrofísico Francisco Sánchez s/n, 38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
3 Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, UK
4 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, 85748 Garching bei Muenchen, Germany
5 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “G. Galilei”, Università di Padova, vicolo dell’Osservatorio 3, 35122 Padova, Italy
6 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, vicolo dell’Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
7 Sterrewacht Leiden, Leiden University, Postbus 9513 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
8 Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse, 85741 Garching bei Muenchen, Germany
9 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, 80131 Napoli, Italy
10 Max-Planck Institut fuer Astronomie, Konigstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
11 University of California Observatories, 1156 High Street, 95064 Santa Cruz, USA
12 Instituto de Astronomía y Ciencias Planetarias, Universidad de Atacama, Copiapó, Chile
13 Armagh Observatory and Planetarium, College Hill, Armagh BT61 9DG, UK
14 Department of Astrophysics, University of Vienna, Türkenschanzstrasse 17, 1180 Wien, Austria
15 Sterrenkundig Observatorium, Universiteit Gent, Krijgslaan 281, 9000 Gent, Belgium
16 Centre for Astrophysics Research, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield AL10 9AB, UK
17 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
18 Australian Astronomical Observatory, PO Box 915 Sydney, NSW 1670, Australia
Accepted: 1 April 2019
We have used deep MUSE observations to perform a stellar-kinematic and population analysis of FCC 153 and FCC 177, two edge-on S0 galaxies in the Fornax cluster. The geometrical definition of the different structural components of these two galaxies allows us to describe the nature of their thick disks. These are both old, relatively metal poor and [Mg/Fe]-enhanced, and their star formation history (SFH) reveals a minor younger component whose chemical properties suggest its later accretion. Moreover, the outer regions of these geometrically defined thick disks show higher values of metallicity and lower values of [Mg/Fe]. These stars probably formed in the thin-disk region and they were dynamically heated to form the flares present in these two galaxies. We propose different formation scenarios for the three populations of these thick disks: in-situ formation, accretion and disk heating. A clear distinction in age is found between the metal poor and [Mg/Fe]-enhanced thick disks (old, ∼12 − 13 Gyr), and the metal rich and less [Mg/Fe]-enhanced thin disks (young, ∼4 − 5 Gyr). These two galaxies show signs of relatively recent star formation in their thin disks and nuclear regions. While the thin disks show more continuous SFHs, the nuclei display a rather bursty SFH. These two galaxies are located outside of the densest region of the Fornax cluster where FCC 170 resides. This other edge-on S0 galaxy has recently been studied, and we have compared and discussed our results with this previous study. The differences between these three galaxies, at different distances from the cluster center, suggest that the environment can have a strong effect on the galaxy evolutionary path.
Key words: galaxies: kinematics and dynamics / galaxies: evolution / galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD / galaxies: structure / galaxies: individual: IC 1963 / galaxies: individual: NGC 1380A
© ESO 2019
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