Volume 625, May 2019
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||23 May 2019|
Influence of general-relativity effects, dynamical tides, and collisions on planet–planet scattering close to the star
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Padova,
2 School of Medicine, Department of Physics, Kurume University, Kurume, Japan
Accepted: 1 April 2019
Context. Planet–planet (P–P) scattering is an efficient and robust dynamical mechanism for producing eccentric exoplanets. Coupled to tidal interactions with the central star, this phenomenon can also explain close-in giant planets on circularized and potentially misaligned orbits.
Aims. We explore scattering events occurring close to the star and test if they can reproduce the main features of the observed orbital distribution of giant exoplanets on tight orbits.
Methods. In our modeling we exploited a numerical integration code based on the Hermite algorithm and including the effects of general relativity, dynamical tides, and two-body collisions.
Results. We find that P–P scattering events occurring in systems with three giant planets initially moving on circular orbits close to their star produce a population of planets similar to that presently observed, including eccentric and misaligned close-in planets. The contribution of tides and general relativity is relevant in determining the final outcome of the chaotic phase.
Conclusions. Even if two-body collisions dominate the chaotic evolution of three planets in crossing orbits close to their star, the final distribution shows a significant number of planets on eccentric orbits. The highly misaligned close-in giant planets are instead produced by systems where the initial semimajor axis of the inner planet was around 0.2 au or beyond.
Key words: planets and satellites: dynamical evolution and stability / planets and satellites: general
© ESO 2019
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