Volume 625, May 2019
The XXL Survey: third series
|Number of page(s)||23|
|Published online||22 May 2019|
The XXL Survey
XXXVI. Evolution and black hole feedback of high-excitation and low-excitation radio galaxies in XXL-S⋆
International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR), University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Hwy, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
2 CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, 26 Dick Perry Ave, Kensington, WA 6151, Australia
3 National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 1003 Lopezville Rd, Socorro, NM 87801, USA
4 Physics Department, University of Zagreb, Bijenička cesta 32, 10002 Zagreb, Croatia
5 INAF, IASF Milano, Via Corti 12, 20133 Milano, Italy
6 Institute for Astronomy & Astrophysics, Space Applications & Remote Sensing, National Observatory of Athens, 15236 Palaia, Penteli, Greece
7 AIM, CEA, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
Accepted: 2 April 2019
The evolution of the comoving kinetic luminosity densities (Ωkin) of the radio loud high-excitation radio galaxies (RL HERGs) and the low-excitation radio galaxies (LERGs) in the ultimate XMM extragalactic survey south (XXL-S) field is presented. The wide area and deep radio and optical data of XXL-S have allowed the construction of the radio luminosity functions (RLFs) of the RL HERGs and LERGs across a wide range in radio luminosity out to high redshift (z = 1.3). The LERG RLFs display weak evolution: Φ(z)∝(1 + z)0.67 ± 0.17 in the pure density evolution (PDE) case and Φ(z)∝(1 + z)0.84 ± 0.31 in the pure luminosity evolution (PLE) case. The RL HERG RLFs demonstrate stronger evolution than the LERGs: Φ(z)∝(1 + z)1.81 ± 0.15 for PDE and Φ(z)∝(1 + z)3.19 ± 0.29 for PLE. Using a scaling relation to convert the 1.4 GHz radio luminosities into kinetic luminosities, the evolution of Ωkin was calculated for the RL HERGs and LERGs and compared to the predictions from various simulations. The prediction for the evolution of radio mode feedback in the Semi-Analytic Galaxy Evolution (SAGE) model is consistent with the Ωkin evolution for all XXL-S RL AGN (all RL HERGs and LERGs), indicating that the kinetic luminosities of RL AGN may be able to balance the radiative cooling of the hot phase of the IGM. Simulations that predict the Ωkin evolution of LERG equivalent populations show similar slopes to the XXL-S LERG evolution, suggesting that observations of LERGs are well described by models of SMBHs that slowly accrete hot gas. On the other hand, models of RL HERG equivalent populations differ in their predictions. While LERGs dominate the kinetic luminosity output of RL AGN at all redshifts, the evolution of the RL HERGs in XXL-S is weaker compared to what other studies have found. This implies that radio mode feedback from RL HERGs is more prominent at lower redshifts than was previously thought.
Key words: galaxies: general / galaxies: evolution / galaxies: active / galaxies: luminosity function / mass function / galaxies: statistics / radio continuum: galaxies
The catalogue described in Tables 2 and 3 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/625/A111.
© ESO 2019
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