Volume 625, May 2019
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||14 May 2019|
Detection of intercluster gas in superclusters using the thermal Sunyaev–Zel’dovich effect
Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale, CNRS (UMR 8617), Université Paris-Sud, Bâtiment 121, Orsay, France
2 LERMA, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, CNRS, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, 75014 Paris, France
Accepted: 18 March 2019
Using a thermal Sunyaev–Zel’dovich (tSZ) signal, we search for hot gas in superclusters identified using the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7 (SDSS/DR7) galaxies. We stack a Comptonization y map produced by the Planck Collaboration around the superclusters and detect the tSZ signal at a significance of 6.4σ. We further search for an intercluster component of gas in the superclusters. For this, we remove the intracluster gas in the superclusters by masking all galaxy groups/clusters detected by the Planck tSZ, ROSAT X-ray, and SDSS optical surveys down to a total mass of 1013 M⊙. We report the first detection of intercluster gas in superclusters with y = (3.5 ± 1.4) × 10−8 at a significance of 2.5σ. Assuming a simple isothermal and flat density distribution of intercluster gas over superclusters, the estimated baryon density is (Ωgas/Ωb)×(Te/8 × 106 K) = 0.067 ± 0.006 ± 0.025. This quantity is inversely proportional to the temperature, therefore taking values from simulations and observations, we find that the gas density in superclusters may account for 17–52% of missing baryons at low redshifts. A better understanding of the physical state of gas in the superclusters is required to accurately estimate the contribution of our measurements to missing baryons.
Key words: cosmology: observations / large-scale structure of Universe
© H. Tanimura et al. 2019
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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