Volume 624, April 2019
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||16 April 2019|
Two-dimensional non-LTE O I 777 nm line formation in radiation hydrodynamics simulations of Cepheid atmospheres
Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung,
2 Landesternwarte, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Königstuhl 12, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
3 Max Planck Institute für Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
4 Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Accepted: 18 February 2019
Oxygen abundance measurements are important for understanding stellar structure and evolution. Measured in Cepheids, they further provide clues on the metallicity gradient and chemo-dynamical evolution in the Galaxy. However, most of the abundance analyses of Cepheids to date have been based on one-dimensional (1D) hydrostatic model atmospheres. Here, we test the validity of this approach for the key oxygen abundance diagnostic, the O I 777 nm triplet lines. We carry out two-dimensional (2D) non-LTE radiative transfer calculations across two different 2D radiation hydrodynamics simulations of Cepheid atmospheres, having stellar parameters of Teff = 5600 K, solar chemical compositions, and log g = 1.5 and 2.0, corresponding to pulsation periods of 9 and 3 days, respectively. We find that the 2D non-LTE versus 1D LTE abundance differences range from −1.0 to −0.25 dex depending on pulsational phase. The 2D non-LTE versus 1D non-LTE abundance differences range from −0.2 to 0.8 dex. The abundance differences are smallest when the Cepheid atmospheres are closest to hydrostatic equilibrium, corresponding to phases of around 0.3–0.8, and we recommend these phases for observers deriving the oxygen abundance from O I 777 nm triplet with 1D hydrostatic models.
Key words: line: formation / radiative transfer / stars: atmospheres / stars: abundances / stars: variables: Cepheids
© V. Vasilyev et al. 2019
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Open Access funding provided by Max Planck Society.
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