Leiden Observatory, Leiden University,
PO Box 9513,
2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
2 Sterrenkundig Instituut Anton Pannekoek, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
3 Unidad Mixta Internacional Franco-Chilena de Astronomía (CNRS, UMI 3386), Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Camino El Observatorio 1515, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile
4 CNRS, IPAG, Université Grenoble Alpes, 38000 Grenoble, France
5 Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, M/S 321-100, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
6 Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
7 IPAC, California Institute of Technology, M/C 100-22, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
8 Department of Physics, Rockhurst University, 1100 Rockhurst Road, Kansas City, MO 64110, USA
9 Space sciences, Technologies and Astrophysics Research (STAR) Institute, Université de Liège, Allée du 6 Août 17, Bat. B5C, 4000 Liège, Belgium
10 Institute of Astronomy, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
Accepted: 20 February 2019
Context. Protoplanetary disks are the birth environments of planetary systems. Therefore, the study of young, circumstellar environments is essential in understanding the processes taking place in planet formation and the evolution of planetary systems.
Aims. We detect and characterize circumstellar disks and potential companions around solar-type, pre-main sequence stars in the Scorpius-Centaurus association (Sco-Cen).
Methods. As part of our ongoing survey we carried out high-contrast imaging with VLT/SPHERE/IRDIS to obtain polarized and total intensity images of the young (11−7+16 Myr old) K3IV star Wray 15-788 within the Lower Centaurus Crux subgroup of Sco-Cen. For the total intensity images, we remove the stellar halo via an approach based on reference star differential imaging in combination with principal component analysis.
Results. Both total intensity and polarimetric data resolve a disk around the young, solar-like Sco-Cen member Wray 15-788. Modeling of the stellar spectral energy distribution suggests that this is a protoplanetary disk at a transition stage. We detect a bright outer ring at a projected separation of ~370 mas (≈56 au), hints of inner substructures at ~170 mas (≈28 au), and a gap in between. Within a position angle range of only 60° < ϕ < 240°, we are confident at the 5σ level that we detect actual scattered light flux from the outer ring of the disk; the remaining part is indistinguishable from background noise. For the detected part of the outer ring we determine a disk inclination of i = 21° ± 6° and a position angle of φ = 76° ± 16°. Furthermore, we find that Wray 15-788 is part of a binary system with the A2V star HD 98363 at a separation of ~50′′ (≈6900 au).
Conclusions. The detection of only half of the outer ring might be due to shadowing by a misaligned inner disk. A potential substellar companion can cause the misalignment of the inner structures and can be responsible for clearing the detected gap from scattering material. However, we cannot rule out the possibility of a non-detection due to our limited signal-to-noise ratio (S/N), combined with brightness azimuthal asymmetry. From our data we can exclude companions more massive than 10 Mjup within the gap at a separation of ~230 mas (≈35 au). Additional data are required to characterize the disk’s peculiar morphology and to set tighter constraints on the potential perturber’s orbital parameters and mass.
Key words: protoplanetary disks / planets and satellites: formation / planet-disk interactions / techniques: image processing / stars: individual: Wray 15-788 / stars: individual: HD 98363
Reduced images are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/624/A87
© ESO 2019