Transverse waves in coronal flux tubes with thick boundaries: The effect of longitudinal flows
Departament de Física, Universitat de les Illes Balears, 07122 Palma de Mallorca, Spain
2 Institut d’Aplicacions Computacionals de Codi Comunitari (IAC 3), Universitat de les Illes Balears, 07122 Palma de Mallorca, Spain
Accepted: 15 January 2019
Observations show that transverse magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) waves and flows are often simultaneously present in magnetic loops of the solar corona. The waves are resonantly damped in the Alfvén continuum because of plasma and/or magnetic field nonuniformity across the loop. The resonant damping is relevant in the context of coronal heating, since it provides a mechanism to cascade energy down to the dissipative scales. It has been theoretically shown that the presence of flow affects the waves propagation and damping, but most of the studies rely on the unjustified assumption that the transverse nonuniformity is confined to a boundary layer much thinner than the radius of the loop. Here we present a semi-analytic technique to explore the effect of flow on resonant MHD waves in coronal flux tubes with thick nonuniform boundaries. We extend a published method, which was originally developed for a static plasma, in order to incorporate the effect of flow. We allowed the flow velocity to continuously vary within the nonuniform boundary from the internal velocity to the external velocity. The analytic part of the method is based on expressing the wave perturbations in the thick nonuniform boundary of the loop as a Frobenius series that contains a singular term accounting for the Alfvén resonance, while the numerical part of the method consists of solving iteratively the transcendental dispersion relation together with the equation for the Alfvén resonance position. As an application of this method, we investigated the impact of flow on the phase velocity and resonant damping length of MHD kink waves. With the present method, we consistently recover results in the thin boundary approximation obtained in previous studies. We have extended those results to the case of thick boundaries. We also explored the error associated with the use of the thin boundary approximation beyond its regime of applicability.
Key words: magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) / Sun: atmosphere / Sun: corona / Sun: oscillations / waves
© ESO 2019