Volume 623, March 2019
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||26 February 2019|
Young open cluster IC 4996 and its vicinity: multicolor photometry and Gaia DR2 astrometry⋆
Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astronomy, Vilnius University, Saulėtekio al. 3, Vilnius 10257, Lithuania
2 Vatican Observatory Research Group, Steward Observatory, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
3 INAF Astronomical Observatory of Padova, 36012 Asiago, Italy
4 Vatican Observatory, 00120 Vatican City, Italy
Accepted: 13 January 2019
The open cluster IC 4996 in Cygnus and its vicinity are investigated by applying a two-dimensional photometric classification of stars measured in the Vilnius seven-color photometric system. Cluster members are identified by applying distances based on the Gaia DR2 parallaxes and the point vector diagram of the Gaia DR2 proper motions. For some B-type stars, spectroscopic MK types are also obtained from the Asiago spectra and collected from the literature. New parameters of the cluster are derived. The interstellar extinction AV covers a wide range of values, from 1.3 to 2.4 mag; the mean value in the central part of the cluster is 1.8 mag. The cluster distance is 1915 ± 110 pc, and its age is within 8–10 Myr. The cluster exhibits a long sequence from early-B to G stars, where stars cooler than B8 are in the pre-main-sequence stage. The plot of extinction versus distance shows a steep rise of AV up to 1.6 mag at 700–800 pc, which is probably related to dust clouds at the edge of the Great Cygnus Rift. The next increase in extinction by an additional 0.8 mag at d ≥ 1.7 kpc is probably related to the associations Cyg OB1 and Cyg OB3. The cluster IC 4996 does not belong to the Cyg OB1 association, which is located closer to the Sun, at 1682 ± 116 pc. It seems likely that the cluster and the surrounding O-B stars have a common origin with the nearby association Cyg OB3 since Gaia data show that these stellar groups are located at a similar distance.
Key words: stars: fundamental parameters / open clusters and associations: individual: IC 4996
Full Tables 1, 2, 4, and 5 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/623/A22
© ESO 2019
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